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200 Amp Hour – 400 Watt Camper Van Solar Kit

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200 Amp Hour – 400 Watt Camper Van Solar Kit

This DIY Camper Van Solar Kit features 400 watts of solar (4x100w Panels) and 200 Amp Hours of Lithium Batteries wired into a 12v battery bank. It also features a 2000w Inverter/Charger and alternator charging by way of a battery isolator.

THERE IS AN UPDATE TO THIS WIRING DIAGRAM THAT INCLUDES A DC-DC CHARGER AND A BUSBAR SYSTEM THAT DOES NOT REQUIRE CUTTING & DRILLING OF COPPER BAR. HERE IS THE LINK FOR THAT: https://www.explorist.life/2000w-inverter-200-400ah-lithium-200-to-700w-solar-camper-wiring-diagram/

Looking for a different size of system? Check here: https://www.explorist.life/solarwiringdiagrams

Not sure how big of a system you need? You need to do a power audit. Here’s a tutorial: https://www.explorist.life/what-size-of-solar-system-is-needed-to-power-a-camper/

Want more solar education in general? Check this: https://www.explorist.life/diy-campervan-solar

Want a high-resolution wiring diagram to print out? Get it here: COMING SOON

Here is a video that shows how this page works:

200Ah Lithium Battery Bank – 4x100W Solar – 2kW Inverter/Charger – Li-BIM Alternator Charging
EXPLORIST.life / Battle Born Solar Bundle [Affiliate Link] 100W Solar Panels [Affiliate Link] 50A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link] Roof Entry Gland [Affiliate Link] 100A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link] 250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link] 250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link] 15A Solar Disconnect [Affiliate Link] Master Battery Disconnect Switch [Affiliate Link] Exterior Shore Power Outlet [Affiliate Link] 250A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link] 300A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link] 30 A Shore Power Cord [Affiliate Link] 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug 8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug 2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug 2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug Tutorial: How to Wire the Li-BIM Battery Isolator Tutorial: How to Wire the AC Side of Your Electrical System Tutorial: How to Wire for Shore Power Tutorial: How to Wire a Battery Bank Tutorial: How to Wire a Busbar Tutorial: How To Wire DC Distribution Block & Accessories Power distribution panel - Amazon Affiliate Link

EXPLORIST.life / Battle Born Solar Bundle [Affiliate Link]

Battery, Inverter, Charge Controller, Battery Monitor Discount Bundle Coming June 1.

100W Solar Panels [Affiliate Link]

50A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

Roof Entry Gland [Affiliate Link]

100A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

15A Solar Disconnect [Affiliate Link]

Master Battery Disconnect Switch [Affiliate Link]

Exterior Shore Power Outlet [Affiliate Link]

250A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]

300A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]

30 A Shore Power Cord [Affiliate Link]

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

Tutorial: How to Wire the Li-BIM Battery Isolator

Tutorial: How to Wire the AC Side of Your Electrical System

Tutorial: How to Wire for Shore Power

Tutorial: How to Wire a Battery Bank

Tutorial: How to Wire a Busbar

Tutorial: How To Wire DC Distribution Block & Accessories

Power distribution panel - Amazon Affiliate Link

IMPORTANT!!! This diagram is, indeed, pretty detailed. YOU MUST STILL READ AND FOLLOW YOUR USER/INSTALLATION MANUAL WHEN INSTALLING THIS EQUIPMENT. In case of an error in the diagram above, your user manual will always superscede the diagram you see on this page.

Known issues with the diagram above:

  • The shunt in the diagram is backwards. On the side of the shunt, there is a label that says which side goes to the battery and which side goes to the load. Please follow the orientation on the side of the shunt.
  • The shore power cord has a male plug on both ends. Shore power extension cords do not have male plugs on each end. This would be incredibly dangerous. Please do not splice a shore power cord so there is a male on each end. The shore power cord in the parts list below is accurate and has a male end on one side and a female end on the other.
EXPLORIST.life Battery, Charge Controller, Inverter Bundle
Solar Charging System:
  • Qty: 4 – 100 Watt Solar Panel
    • Put these in the sun
  • Qty: 4 – Solar Panel Mounting Feet
    • Help mount solar panels to the roof
  • Qty: 1 – MC4 Connectors
    • Connecting Solar Panels to Wires going to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 40 – 10 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Solar Panel to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 40 – 10 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Solar Panel to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 1 – Roof Entry Gland
    • Waterproof Box for Running Wires through Roof
  • Qty: 1 – 1″ Wire Grommet
    • Mounted in roof under Roof Entry Gland
  • Qty: 1 – 15 Amp Solar Disconnect Switch
    • Mounted on Din Rail Between Solar Panels & Solar Contoller
  • Qty: 1 – Din Rail
    • To mount the Solar Disconnect Switch
  • Qty: 1 – Victron Smartsolar MPPT 150 | 35 – Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • Solar Charge Controller
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Charge Controller Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 8 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive & Negative Wires from Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 8 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Connecting Busbar to Charge Controller Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 1 – 50 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
CLICK HERE TO ADD ALL AMAZON PRODUCTS TO AMAZON CART

Battery Bank, Busbar, & Inverter
  • Qty: 1 – 2000W Victron MultiPlus Compact Inverter Charger 12V – Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • This Converts Your 12v DC Power to 120v AC Power
  • Qty: 1 – 200Ah Battle Born Lithium Battery Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • These Store Your Power
  • Qty: 4 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Batteries & From Batteries to Busbar
  • Qty: 4 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Batteries & From Batteries to Busbar
  • Qty: 8 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Wires to Batteries & to Busbar
  • Qty: 1 – 300 Amp Terminal Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attached to Battery Protecting Red Wire to Busbar
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive Wire from Busbar to Inverter
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Negative Wire from Busbar to Inverter
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Black Wire from Negative Busbar to Inverter Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Black Wire from Negative Busbar to Vehicle Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to Inverter
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
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DC Busbar
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AC Circuits & Shore Power
  • Qty: 1 – 30 Amp Shore Power Cord
    • Connecting 30A Flanged Power Inlet to Shore Power
  • Qty: 1 – 30 Amp Shore Power Extension Cord
    • If your Shore Power Cord is too Short
  • Qty: 1 – 30A to 15A Adapter
    • For plugging your 30A shore power cord into a 15/20 amp standard outlet.
  • Qty: 1 – 30A Flanged Power Inlet
    • Connected to Outside of Camper
  • Qty: 10 – 10 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From 30A Flanged Power Inlet to Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Inverter to Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 1 – Power Distribution Panel
    • For Distributing Power & Housing Breakers/Fuses
  • Qty: 1 – 50A AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For AC Branch Circuits
  • Qty: 1 – 20A HOMT Tandem AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For Standard 120V Outlet Circuits
  • Qty: 1 – 20A / 30A HOMT Tandem AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For Circuits that include large loads (hot water heater)
  • Qty: 50 – 12 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For AC Branch Circuits
  • Qty: 6 – 120V GFCI Outlet
    • For plugging 120V Appliances into
  • Qty: 6 – Single Gang Electrical Box
    • For 120V GFCI Outlet
  • Qty: 6 – GFCI Wall Plates
    • For 120V GFCI Outlet
CLICK HERE TO ADD ALL AMAZON PRODUCTS TO AMAZON CART

12v Distribution
  • Qty: 1 – Power Distribution Panel
    • For Distributing Power & Housing Breakers/Fuses
  • Qty: 1 – 100 AMP ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to the Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 6 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive & Negatives Wires to the Busbar from the Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Positive Wire From Busbar to Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Negative Wire From Busbar to Power Distribution Panel
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Alternator Charging
  • Qty: – LI-BIM 225 Isolator
    • Connects and Disconnects House and Starting Battery Banks
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between LI-BIM 225 Isolator & Start Battery
  • Qty: 20 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between LI-BIM 225 Isolator & House Battery Bank
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp Terminal Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Starting Battery Protecting Red Wire to LI-BIM 225 Isolator
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to LI-BIM 225 Isolator
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
  • Qty: 4 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive Wire to Starting Battery, Isolator x2, & House Battery Bank
  • Qty: 5 – 16 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Ign to Ignition Positive
  • Qty: 1 – Add-a-Fuse Kit
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Used to piggyback power for Ignition+ Wire
  • Qty: 5 – 16 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Gnd to Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 10 – 16 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Sig to Momentary Switch & from Momentary Switch to Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 1 – Momentary Switch
    • Placed in-line on Isolator Sig Wire
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Misc Tools & Accessories (As Needed/Optional)
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Wires, Lugs, Breakers, and Fuses

Wires
Add Wires Individually to Verify Quantities

Lugs
Add Lugs Individually to Verify Quantities

Fuses & Breakers
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Rick

Wednesday 14th of October 2020

ello mate, been lookin though your diagrams and was wondering if this one in particular (200amp/400watt) is upgradable? Meaning will l have the ability to add a few panels and batteries in the future?

I really appreciate what you do here! Thanks for the great resources !

Nate Yarbrough

Monday 19th of October 2020

This diagram will be the best one to follow if you are wanting to upgrade panels/batteries in the future: https://www.explorist.life/2000w-inverter-200-400ah-lithium-200-to-700w-solar-camper-wiring-diagram/

Or if you will want to upgrade to a 3000w inverter: https://www.explorist.life/3000w-inverter-400-600ah-400-to-1200w-solar-camper-solar-kit/

Jeffrey Rovegno

Friday 21st of August 2020

Nate - When I connect my 2000w Victron Inverter to the positive bus bar, no power is sent through the system. Works fine when I disconnect the positive Inverter wire. After talking with the Battle Born person, he suggested I use a smaller wire. I went from 2/0 to 1/0 but still experiencing the same issue. Any ideas? I am following your wire diagram above (however I did not ground to the inverter). Thanks for any help you can provide.

Jeffrey Rovegno

Friday 21st of August 2020

NVM..operator error...helps if you wire it up correctly :)

Melanie Uttech

Monday 17th of August 2020

Thank you so much for all of the diagrams, videos, expertise and kits you have made available and shared. My husband and I have learned so much from you. We purchased the 200 amp 400 watt kit several months back and are just now finishing up the connections. We are trying to figure out where to connect the ground that runs from the busbar in the diagram. There is a lot of confusion surrounding what is actually a ground on the Sprinter (on the Internet). Can the ground be any part of the van frame or does it specifically need to be attached to one of the Sprinter, factory created grounds? Thanks for all of your help.

Nate Yarbrough

Wednesday 9th of September 2020

There are a few 'approved' grounding points, but in all reality; anywhere that has a good metal to metal connection (like the support ribs on the wall) will work fine.

Laura Hemken

Tuesday 4th of August 2020

I have a few questions regarding the B2B charger. I bought the Sterling 12V/12V. The 200 Amp hour/400 Watt free diagram still has the isolator in the diagram, but I read in the comments that if we are using a B2B charger we should look at the 3000W Inverter/400-600Ah/400-1200W Solar (https://www.explorist.life/3000w-inverter-400-600ah-400-to-1200w-solar-camper-solar-kit/) for the part list, so I just wanted to clarify that if we are using the B2B charger that I should use the part lists for the Busbar to B2B charger and B2B charger to alternator. If so, I wanted to verify that the 50 Amp mega fuse would be on the victron busbar and the 60 Amp terminal fuse would be placed between the alternator and the red wire connecting to the B2B charger. Lastly why is there a black wire connecting the alternator to the B2B charger but it's not listed on the part list?

Nate Yarbrough

Wednesday 5th of August 2020

If I remember correctly, you are using the 60A sterling unit. For that, I'd recommend 6 AWG wire with 100A fuses on each end. 100A Mega fuse on the Victron Lynx Distributor and 100A Terminal Fuse at the starting battery as per pg 6 of the Sterling user manual: https://cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0658/7343/files/2019_GREEN_V69_Rev_Instructions.pdf?92

Emma

Sunday 2nd of August 2020

This is an AMAZING resource thank you!! I'm based in the UK - I don't suppose you have affiliate links for the UK amazon / other suppliers to buy the kit you've suggested (don't think I can warrant shipping it from the states!)?

Nate Yarbrough

Friday 11th of September 2020

Thanks! I don't have links/deals set up for the UK. Eventually, yes; but that doesn't help you now. Sorry about that!