200 Amp Hour – 400 Watt Camper Van Solar Kit

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This DIY Camper Van Solar Kit features 400 watts of solar (4x100w Panels) and 200 Amp Hours of Lithium Batteries wired into a 12v battery bank. It also features a 2000w Inverter/Charger and alternator charging by way of a battery isolator.

Looking for a different size of system? Check here: https://www.explorist.life/solarwiringdiagrams

Not sure how big of a system you need? You need to do a power audit. Here’s a tutorial: https://www.explorist.life/what-size-of-solar-system-is-needed-to-power-a-camper/

Want more solar education in general? Check this: https://www.explorist.life/diy-campervan-solar

Want a high-resolution wiring diagram to print out? Get it here: COMING SOON

Here is a video that shows how this page works:

200Ah Lithium Battery Bank – 4x100W Solar – 2kW Inverter/Charger – Li-BIM Alternator Charging
EXPLORIST.life / Battle Born Solar Bundle [Affiliate Link]100W Solar Panels [Affiliate Link]50A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]Roof Entry Gland [Affiliate Link]100A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]15A Solar Disconnect [Affiliate Link]Master Battery Disconnect Switch [Affiliate Link]Exterior Shore Power Outlet [Affiliate Link]250A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]300A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]30 A Shore Power Cord [Affiliate Link]2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug2 AWG x 1/4 Wire LugTutorial: How to Wire the Li-BIM Battery IsolatorTutorial: How to Wire the AC Side of Your Electrical SystemTutorial: How to Wire for Shore PowerTutorial: How to Wire a Battery BankTutorial: How to Wire a BusbarTutorial: How To Wire DC Distribution Block & AccessoriesPower distribution panel - Amazon Affiliate Link

EXPLORIST.life / Battle Born Solar Bundle [Affiliate Link]

Battery, Inverter, Charge Controller, Battery Monitor Discount Bundle Coming June 1.

100W Solar Panels [Affiliate Link]

50A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

Roof Entry Gland [Affiliate Link]

100A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

250A ANL Fuse [Affiliate Link]

15A Solar Disconnect [Affiliate Link]

Master Battery Disconnect Switch [Affiliate Link]

Exterior Shore Power Outlet [Affiliate Link]

250A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]

300A Terminal Fuse [Affiliate Link]

30 A Shore Power Cord [Affiliate Link]

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2/0 x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

6 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

8 AWG x 5/16 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

2 AWG x 1/4 Wire Lug

Total wire lug quantities for this wiring diagram are totaled at the bottom of the shopping list below.

Tutorial: How to Wire the Li-BIM Battery Isolator

Tutorial: How to Wire the AC Side of Your Electrical System

Tutorial: How to Wire for Shore Power

Tutorial: How to Wire a Battery Bank

Tutorial: How to Wire a Busbar

Tutorial: How To Wire DC Distribution Block & Accessories

Power distribution panel - Amazon Affiliate Link

EXPLORIST.life Battery, Charge Controller, Inverter Bundle
Solar Charging System:
  • Qty: 4 – 100 Watt Solar Panel
    • Put these in the sun
  • Qty: 4 – Solar Panel Mounting Feet
    • Help mount solar panels to the roof
  • Qty: 1 – MC4 Connectors
    • Connecting Solar Panels to Wires going to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 40 – 10 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Solar Panel to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 40 – 10 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Solar Panel to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 1 – Roof Entry Gland
    • Waterproof Box for Running Wires through Roof
  • Qty: 1 – 1″ Wire Grommet
    • Mounted in roof under Roof Entry Gland
  • Qty: 1 – 15 Amp Solar Disconnect Switch
    • Mounted on Din Rail Between Solar Panels & Solar Contoller
  • Qty: 1 – Din Rail
    • To mount the Solar Disconnect Switch
  • Qty: 1 – Victron Smartsolar MPPT 150 | 35 – Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • Solar Charge Controller
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Charge Controller Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 5 – 8 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 8 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive & Negative Wires from Charge Controller to Busbar
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 8 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Connecting Busbar to Charge Controller Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 1 – 50 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to Charge Controller
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
CLICK HERE TO ADD ALL AMAZON PRODUCTS TO AMAZON CART

Battery Bank, Busbar, & Inverter
  • Qty: 1 – 2000W Victron MultiPlus Compact Inverter Charger 12V – Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • This Converts Your 12v DC Power to 120v AC Power
  • Qty: 1 – 200Ah Battle Born Lithium Battery Bundle
    • Included in Bundle at Top of List
    • These Store Your Power
  • Qty: 4 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Batteries & From Batteries to Busbar
  • Qty: 4 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Batteries & From Batteries to Busbar
  • Qty: 8 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Wires to Batteries & to Busbar
  • Qty: 1 – 300 Amp Terminal Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attached to Battery Protecting Red Wire to Busbar
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Inverter Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between Busbar & Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive Wire from Busbar to Inverter
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Negative Wire from Busbar to Inverter
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Black Wire from Negative Busbar to Inverter Equipment Ground
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Black Wire from Negative Busbar to Vehicle Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to Inverter
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
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DC Busbar
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AC Circuits & Shore Power
  • Qty: 1 – 30 Amp Shore Power Cord
    • Connecting 30A Flanged Power Inlet to Shore Power
  • Qty: 1 – 30 Amp Shore Power Extension Cord
    • If your Shore Power Cord is too Short
  • Qty: 1 – 30A to 15A Adapter
    • For plugging your 30A shore power cord into a 15/20 amp standard outlet.
  • Qty: 1 – 30A Flanged Power Inlet
    • Connected to Outside of Camper
  • Qty: 10 – 10 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From 30A Flanged Power Inlet to Inverter
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Inverter to Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 1 – Power Distribution Panel
    • For Distributing Power & Housing Breakers/Fuses
  • Qty: 1 – 50A AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For AC Branch Circuits
  • Qty: 1 – 20A HOMT Tandem AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For Standard 120V Outlet Circuits
  • Qty: 1 – 20A / 30A HOMT Tandem AC Breaker
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For Circuits that include large loads (hot water heater)
  • Qty: 50 – 12 AWG 3 Conductor Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • For AC Branch Circuits
  • Qty: 6 – 120V GFCI Outlet
    • For plugging 120V Appliances into
  • Qty: 6 – Single Gang Electrical Box
    • For 120V GFCI Outlet
  • Qty: 6 – GFCI Wall Plates
    • For 120V GFCI Outlet
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12v Distribution
  • Qty: 1 – Power Distribution Panel
    • For Distributing Power & Housing Breakers/Fuses
  • Qty: 1 – 100 AMP ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to the Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
  • Qty: 2 – 5/16″ x 6 AWG Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive & Negatives Wires to the Busbar from the Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Positive Wire From Busbar to Power Distribution Panel
  • Qty: 5 – 6 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Negative Wire From Busbar to Power Distribution Panel
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Alternator Charging
  • Qty: – LI-BIM 225 Isolator
    • Connects and Disconnects House and Starting Battery Banks
  • Qty: 5 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between LI-BIM 225 Isolator & Start Battery
  • Qty: 20 – 2/0 Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Between LI-BIM 225 Isolator & House Battery Bank
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp Terminal Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Starting Battery Protecting Red Wire to LI-BIM 225 Isolator
  • Qty: 1 – 250 Amp ANL Fuse
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • On Positive Busbar Protecting Red Wire to LI-BIM 225 Isolator
  • Qty: 1 – ANL Fuse Holder
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Mounted to Busbar under each ANL fuse
  • Qty: 4 – 5/16″ x 2/0 Lug
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Attaching Positive Wire to Starting Battery, Isolator x2, & House Battery Bank
  • Qty: 5 – 16 AWG Red Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Ign to Ignition Positive
  • Qty: 1 – Add-a-Fuse Kit
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • Used to piggyback power for Ignition+ Wire
  • Qty: 5 – 16 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Gnd to Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 10 – 16 AWG Black Wire
    • Check Wire, Lug, and Fuse List at Bottom of List
    • From Isolator Sig to Momentary Switch & from Momentary Switch to Chassis Ground
  • Qty: 1 – Momentary Switch
    • Placed in-line on Isolator Sig Wire
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Misc Tools & Accessories (As Needed/Optional)
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Wires, Lugs, Breakers, and Fuses

Wires
Add Wires Individually to Verify Quantities

Lugs
Add Lugs Individually to Verify Quantities

Fuses & Breakers
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12 thoughts on “200 Amp Hour – 400 Watt Camper Van Solar Kit”

  1. Hi Nate,
    Thanks for all diagrams and insights!
    couple of questions on this diagram (200 AMP HOUR – 400 WATT CAMPER VAN SOLAR KIT):
    -Why do you use 10/3 wire on the AC in from the Inverter/charger but them 6/3 from the AC out?
    -Why are they so many fuses on the busbar (on each cable)?

    Thanks a lot

    1. 10/3 coming into the inverter because that inverter is capable of 30 amp passthrough; which requires 10/3.

      6/3 coming out of the inverter because Victron Multiplus inverters have what’s called ‘PowerAssist’. What that means is… it has the ability to ADD power FROM the batteries TO the shore power. So, technically, if you were plugged into 30 amp shore power while using a 2000w Victron Multiplus, you could get 30 amps + 17 amps (2000/12) out of the inverter for a total of 47 amps to the breaker box. That’s why it needs such a big wire.

      Re: Fuses. Every wire in your system needs to be protected by a fuse/breaker. That’s a safety/code thing as if a short or overcurrent event happens, you’d want the fuse to blow rather than the wire to melt.

  2. Hi Nate,

    Thanks so much for providing all of this info. I purchased everything through your affiliate links. Hope that helps!

    One question: I am building this in a box on a Fuso chassis. The stock battery box for the truck (starter batteries) is right bellow where I’m building this system. Can I connect the Li-BAM to the batteries instead of running a wire all the way to the alternator?

    Thanks!

  3. Question regarding the wire to ground. If I am using 4/0 wire on from the batteries and to the inverter/charger, do I also need a 4/0 wire to ground?
    Is that ground connection even needed if I am not charging from my alternator?

  4. If we were to start with a system like this (in size) would there be much to change if our needs became larger down the road? example: adding more batteries and solar, Would it be better to start big instead of adding when needed?

    1. I suppose that depends on how MUCH you want to change. With adding batteries, there’s not much to change. With adding more panels, you’d need to make sure the wires and charge controller could handle it. I’d recommend sizing the wires and components for your possible expansion and go from there.

  5. Hi Nate,
    I am trying to set this configuration in my van, however, here you state the charge controller should be the 150/35, whereas your post on “how to choose a solar charge controller” states
    400 watts: Victron SmartSolar MPPT 100 | 50

    Is there a difference?

    Thank you!
    -Noobie

    1. There is indeed a difference. The 150/35 is capable of handling 150v input from the solar panels and output of 35 amps to the batteries. The 100/50 is capable of handling 100v input from the solar panels and output of 50 amps to the batteries. This wiring diagram has the 150v capable charge controller because with most 100w solar panels, 100v can be exceeded when they are wired in series and the temperature drops to below freezing (because panels produce more voltage as they get colder. Explained a bit more here: https://youtu.be/MxziHKvTRh8 ).

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